Preschool Subjects

Practical Life Exercises Sensorial Materials
Exercises in hygiene.Dressing

Care of Clothing.

Carrying & handling of the many Montessori materials

Using floor mats.

Tidying away work.

Looking after classroom pets and plants.

Taking care of books.

Preparing snacks.

Exercises which are designed to teach the child how to:
Ask for something Welcome visitors
Wait one’s turn Work cooperatively
Offer refreshments Introduce oneself
Walk with a partner Offer help to others
Behave at the table Make eye contact
Behave in public places Shake hands
Exercises for the development of fine and gross motor skills:
Rolling mats Sweeping
Pouring liquids Carrying chairs
Threading Walking carefully
CuttingSpooning Carrying large materials
Visual SenseChildren learn to discriminate by size, length, dimension, colour, similarity and difference.

Tactile Sense

Children learn to discriminate by touch. They match sandpaper and fabric of varying textures according to their similarities. They classify material from rough to smooth and learn to contrast and compare.

Auditory Sense

Children continue the process of matching, classifying, contrasting and comparing this time using various sounds, musical bells and instruments.

Complex Senses (weight, heat, shape, smell, taste)

Children explore all of the above qualities by using carefully designed materials and exercises which sharpen their senses at a time when they have a particular developmental interest in this work (sensitive period).

The sensorial exercises are designed to prepare the child for more complex learning in Language, Math and Culture Studies.

Language Math
Oral Expression & Listening Skills:
Rhyming words Story telling
Nonsense words Singing games
Opposites Poetry
Animal families Role playing
Nursery rhymes
Written Language (starting at age 4):
Pencil control Phonetic blending
Letter formation Word & picture matching
Sound & letter recognition Sentence construction
Number valueNumber sequence

Number symbol (1 to 1,000)

The 4 basic math operations

Odd versus even numbers

Skip counting (in early preparation for memorization of number facts).

Reading and recording numbers for all of the above activities.

Culture
Earth Science:
Solar system Parts of the earth
Rocks Volcanoes
Climate Environment
Lifestyle Weather observations
Geography:
Oceans & seas Maps
Provinces & territories Globe
Land & water forms Continents & countries
History:
Calendar Days of the week
Months of the year Seasons
Clock, timelines Holidays
Life Science:
Living/non-living Plants & animals
Vertebrates Invertebrates
Physical Science:
How to observe things Classification
Simple science experiments